Crisis Management  
This article examines the factors that influence a manager's determination of an event or situation as a crisis. Various strategies of responding to a crisis are explained along with factors that may influence the strategy chosen to ameliorate a crisis situation. The methods that companies use to prepare for future crises are also reviewed. Several past business crises and the scope of those crises are reviewed. The selection and execution of crisis response strategies to a recall prompted by Salmonella Typhimurium are examined along with specific actions that several companies in the food industry took in response to the situation. The role of United States Government agencies in the recall process is also explained.    
Recognizing Opportunities for Sustainable Development  
Building on the entrepreneurial action and sustainable development literatures, we highlight how the current explanations of opportunity recognition, based on entrepreneurial knowledge and economic motivation, are insufficient for modeling the recognition of opportunities for sustainable development. Our model suggests that entrepreneurs are more likely to discover sustainable development opportunities the greater their knowledge of natural and communal environments become, the more they perceive that the natural and communal environment in which they live is threatened, and the greater their altruism toward others becomes. We propose that entrepreneurial knowledge plays a central role by moderating these effects.    
While many corporations and Information Systems units recognize that environmental sustainability is an urgent problem to address, the IS academic community has been slow to acknowledge the problem and take action. We propose ways for the IS community to engage in the development of environmentally sustainable business practices. Specifically, as IS researchers, educators, journal editors, and association leaders, we need to demonstrate how the transformative power of IS can be leveraged to create an ecologically sustainable society. In this Issues and Opinions piece, we advocate a research agenda to establish a new subfield of energy informatics, which applies information systems thinking and skills to increase energy efficiency. We also articulate how IS scholars can incorporate environmental sustainability as an underlying foundation in their teaching, and how IS leaders can embrace environmental sustainability in their core principles and foster changes that reduce the environmental impact of our community. For further information Download the PDF file.    
How ISO contributes to sustainable action  
In 1992 the idea of sustainable development was placed on governmental and business agendas at the first “ Earth Summit ” – United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro. To mark the 20th anniversary of this conference and the run-up to the third “ Earth Summit ”, otherwise known as Rio+ 20, it is only fitting that this first issue of ISO Focus+ for 2012 be devoted to sustainability.    
ISO Action Plan for developing countries 2011-2015  
The capacity and participation of developing countries in international standardization is significantly enhanced.Developing country members play a major role in directing the whole process of ISO technical assistance. The tools used to implement the current Action Plan 2005-2010 will continue to be used and refined, as necessary,to help developing country members identify their needs and measure the effectivenessof actions undertaken.    

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